A hydraulic system which is also known as a fluid power system is a power system in which transmission of power takes place through a fluid medium. In this post, we are going to discuss the basic components of Hydraulic system.
|The layout of the Hydraulic system|
The major advantage of this system is that it avoids mechanical linkages such as pulleys, gears, ropes, belts. The transmission of power through this system is most convenient and highly efficient.
Basic components of Hydraulic System
A hydraulic system has the following basic components
- Prime mover
- Control valves
- Piping system
- Working medium i.e. Fluid.
In addition to these components, there are a few supporting components for the proper functioning of the system.
- Storage tank
- Heat exchanger
- Pressure gauges
- Control devices
Each of these components performs its specific function to run the system efficiently. So let us see the description of the basic components of hydraulic systems.
A Prime mover is a device that produces mechanical power. It could be any power-producing device like an IC Engine, a turbine, or an electric motor. According to the application, the typical type of prime mover is selected.
The hydraulic pump is the heart of the hydraulic system. Its function is to convert mechanical energy into hydraulic energy by pushing hydraulic fluid into the system.
The hydraulic pump is driven by the prime mover. The pump is used to pressurize the fluid. Pressure so obtained is of the order of several thousand.
There are different types of hydraulic pumps
- Gear Pump
- Vane Pump
- Piston Pump
- Screw Pump
- Pressure control valve
- Flow control valve
- Direction Control Valve
- Single acting plunger type cylinder
- Single acting single rod type cylinder
- Double acting single rod cylinder
- Double acting double rod cylinder
- Tandem cylinder
- Telescopic cylinders
- Transmitting power
- Moving parts
- Sealing gaps
- Heat dissipation.
- Petroleum-based fluids.
- Water-based fluids.
- Synthetic-based fluids.
In this topic we are not discussing the fluids, so we are not providing a brief description of types of hydraulic fluid.
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