The pneumatic system is a system that uses highly compressed air to transmit power. A pneumatic system is similar to Hydraulic System but in this system, compressed air is used instead of hydraulic fluid.
The pneumatic system plays an important role in the Industrial area. It has lots of advantages and hence can be efficiently used in Industry.
|The general layout of the Pneumatic System|
Basic Components of the Pneumatic system
Basic components of pneumatic system consist of the following elements
- Air Reservoir Tank
- FRL Unit
- Direction Control Valve
Pneumatic cylinders, rotary actuators, and motors provide movement and force for the pneumatic system, for moving, holding, and processing materials and assemblies.
To control and operate these actuators, other pneumatic components are needed such as a compressor for preparation of compressed air, reservoir tank to store the compressed air, FRL unit for filtration of compressed air, and control valves for the control of pressurized air, flow, and direction of movement of actuators.
Let us see these components one by one.
As we are using the pneumatic system, the air is a medium of transfer of energy.
The compressor is said to be the heart of the pneumatic system. Without a compressor, it is impossible to run the system. The compressor compresses the air coming from the surroundings and pressurizes it for its use.
Air Reservoir Tank
The reservoir tank is used to store the air that is compressed by air. As per the requirements, the size of the reservoir tank is used.
Mostly in Industries large storage tanks/ reservoir tanks are used, because of the large need of air in the pneumatic system.
FRL unit stands for Filter, Regulator, and Lubricator. The figure below shows an FRL unit. Starting from the left, the first component is the Filter followed by the Regulator and Lubricator.
- The filter filters the impure air coming inside the compressor for its proper working. Generally, the filter contains a porous gauge which acts as an obstacle for the particles coming inside with the air. The size of the gauge is mainly in microns to obtain almost pure air.
- The regulator regulated the flow of air, that is it controls the rate of airflow through the pipes. A pressure gauge mounted on the Regulator indicates the pressure flowing through it.
- The lubricator unit is used for lubrication purposes. Unlike the hydraulic system, the pneumatic system doesn’t make use of its fluid as a lubricator. So in order to keep moving parts live, some amount of lubrication is necessary and it is done by Lubricator. A small number of drops are released with the flowing air. As air moves ahead, Lubricating oil sticks to the moving parts, and lubrication is done.
Direction Control Valve (DCV)
DCV stands for Direction Control Valve.
As the name suggests, DCV is used for controlling the direction of flowing air through the system. As per requirement, the valve is opened and closed.
Direction Control valves are discussed in detail in 4 Common Types of Pneumatic Control Valves
Actuators are nothing but the piston-cylinder arrangement. Nowadays, thousands of actuators are present in the market with their respective specifications.
Single-acting spring return cylinders are more economical as compared to others. Actuators are used for linear motion, which is for pulling or pushing purposes.
Cylinders are fitted with pistons of different diameters and strokes of various lengths.
|Spring return cylinder|
9 thoughts on “Basic Components of Pneumatic System”
My brother suggested I would possibly like this website.
He was totally right. This put up truly made my day. You can not imagine
just how so much time I had spent for this info!
It’s not my first time to go to see this website,
i am visiting this web site dailly and get pleasant facts from here all the time.
Write more, thats all I have to say. Literally,
it seems as though you relied on the video to make your point.
You obviously know what youre talking about, why throw away your intelligence on just posting videos to your site
when you could be giving us something enlightening to read?
Hello just wanted to give you a quick heads up. The words in your content seem to be running off the screen in Safari.
I’m not sure if this is a format issue or something to
do with web browser compatibility but I figured I’d post to let you know.
The layout look great though! Hope you get the issue solved soon. Kudos
So what is the stage of making the Coussin bag by Original Women louis Vuitton Sale|Authentic Women louis Vuitton Sale|Cheap Louis Vuitton Handbags Factory Outlet Online Sales? Are you again
At this time it seems like Movable Type is the preferred blogging
platform out there right now. (from what I’ve read)
Is that what you are using on your blog?
I am extremely impressed with your writing skills and also withthe layout on your weblog. Is this a paid theme or did you modify it yourself?Anyway keep up the excellent quality writing, it’s rare to see a great blog like this one nowadays.
Great blog right here! Additionally your website lots up
very fast! What host are you the use of? Can I get your associate hyperlink to your host?
I desire my web site loaded up as fast as yours lol
Very good blog post. I absolutely love thiswebsite. Continue the good work!