Advantages and Applications of Laser Beam Machining

Advantages of Laser Beam Machining

  1. In the Laser beam Machining (LBM) process there is no direct contact between the tool and the workpiece, hence there is no issue of tool wear.
  2. Machining can be done in any environment.
  3. Refractory materials can be easily worked.
  4. Easy machining of brittle, non-metallic, and hard materials.
  5. Used for welding of dissimilar metals.
  6. Extremely small holes can be drilled easily.

Know More: Construction and Working of Laser Beam Machining

Disadvantages of Laser Beam Machining

  1. LBM is applicable only for thin sections and where a small quantity of material is removed.
  2. Control of hole size is difficult.
  3. Holes drilled may have a slight taper formation, hence not suitable for large holes.
  4. The durability and reliability of the system are limited.
  5. Due to the low production rate, the efficiency of the system is low.
  6. The initial cost and operating cost of the system are high.
  7. Highly skilled operators are required.

Applications of Laser Beam Machining

  1. LBM is used for the trimming of sheet metal, carbon resistors, and plastic parts.
  2. It is used for drilling small holes in the materials like tungsten, ceramics which are very hard.
  3. LBM is also suitable for dynamic balancing of precise rotating components lie watches.
  4. Cutting complicated profiles on thin films for making Integrated Circuits, engraving patterns on suitable thin films or sheets.

3 thoughts on “Advantages and Applications of Laser Beam Machining”

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