Generally, many teachers teach different types of robots based on Industrial robots, neglecting other types of service robots. Therefore, generally, people when talking about types of robots, they talk about industrial robots.
However, industrial robots are not the only ones that exist in this world. In this chapter, we are going to study different types of robots that are used in the world.
So for better understanding, we could divide robots into two types viz. based on their application and by their locomotion and kinematics.
Robots based on their Applications
Industrial robots are used in industrial environments for performing various functions. Usually, they are developed for the applications like material handling, welding, spraying, painting, and many more. For more, refer to Industrial robots
Domestic robots are the robots that are used at home. These types of robots include a variety of robots such as vacuum cleaners, sweepers, pool cleaners, etc.
Also, some different categories robots can be used as domestic robots if used in that environment.
The robots used in military are known as military robots. These types of robots include bomb disposal robots, reconnaissance drones, transportation robots, fighting robots.
These are the robots that don’t fall into other types of usage. These could be different data gathering robots, robots used for research, robots to show off technologies, etc.
Mars curiosity rover by NASA is the best example of space robot. Also these type of robots are used in International space stations.
These robots are used for entertainment purposes. These types of robots include small to big robots like articulated robot arms used as motion simulators.
These are the robots which are made for a hobby purpose. But believe me, this is the type of robot that i like the most. A new innovation can come through these types of robots.
These robots are used for competition purposes like line followers, racing robots, sumo-bots that you see during college festivals.
Types of robots by locomotion and kinematics
- Cartesian robots
- Spherical robots
- Cylindrical robots
- Articulated robots (Robotic-arm)
- SCARA robots
- Parallel robots