First Angle Projection and Third Angle Projection Methods

First Angle Projection and Third Angle Projection Methods

To provide details of 2D drawing of any 3D object, two main types of projections are used and they are First Angle projection and Third Angle projection. First angle and third angle projection methods are widely used for the representation of engineering drawings.

A collection of 2D drawings of any 3D object is represented with the help of orthographic projection. The orthographic projection consists of 6 views (Front, Back, Top, Bottom, Right, Left) called as principle views.

Among these six orthographic views front view, right view, and top view are the most commonly used to represent the orthographic projection of any object.

Method of Projection

Now, we know there are basically four quadrants. Hence to get the projections, we divide the object into four quadrants. The first quadrant represents the First Angle projection of the object while the third quadrant represents the Third Angle projection of the object. The principle projection planes and quadrants used to create 2D drawings can be seen in fig. 1.
Principle projection planes and quadrants | www.enggarena.net
Fig. 1. Principle Projection Planes and Quadrants
Now, let us see the first angle and third angle projection in detail.

What is First Angle Projection?

In the first angle projection, the object is placed in between the plane of projection and the observer as shown in fig.2.
First angle method | www.enggarena.net
Fig.2. An object in between Plane of projection and observer
 

As explained above, in the first angle projection, an object is placed in the first quadrant.

The views are obtained by projecting the image of an object in the respective plane. Here you have to note down that the right-hand side view is projected on the plane placed at the left of the object.

After projecting the images on the respective planes, the bottom plane and the left plane is unfolded onto the front view i.e. left plane is unfolded towards the left side to get Right Hand Side view on the left side of the front view.

Similarly, the bottom plane is unfolded towards the bottom to obtain the Top view placed below the front view as shown in fig. 3.

First angle projection method | www.enggarena.net
Fig.3. First Angle Method

What is Third Angle Projection?

In the third angle projection, the plane of projection is placed in between the object and the observer as shown in fig.4.
Third Angle Projection | www.enggarena.net
Fig.4. Plane of projection in between object and observer
In this type of projection, the object is placed in the third quadrant. The views are obtained by projecting the image on the respective plane as shown in fig.5.
Third Angle Projection | www.enggarena.net
Fig.5. Third Angle Projection

Symbols of First Angle Projection and Third Angle Projection

As per BIS standard, drawing symbols for first angle projection and third angle projection are shown in fig.6.
Projection Symbol | www.enggarena.net
Fig.6. Projection Symbol

First Angle Projection Symbol

First angle projection symbol
First angle projection symbol

Third Angle Projection Symbol

Third angle projection symbol
Third angle projection symbol

Difference between First Angle projection and Third Angle Projection

Due to an increase in the complication in drawings, second angle projection and fourth angle projection are not used.
First angle projection and third angle projection difference is given below in the tabular form:
First Angle Projection Third Angle Projection
The object is imagined to be in the first quadrant The object is imagined to be in the third quadrant
The object lies in-between the plane of projection and observer. The plane of projection lies in between the object and observer.
When views are drawn in their relative position, Top view comes below Front view, Right hand side view is drawn to the left side of the elevation. When views are drawn in their relative position, Top view comes above Front view, Right hand side view is drawn to the right side of the elevation.
Is followed in India and European countries. Is followed in American countries.
First angle projection symbol Third angle projection symbol
An object in between Plane of projection and observer Plane of projection in between object and observer
First Angle Method Third Angle Projection
First angle projection vs Third angle projection

first angle vs third angle

1 thought on “First Angle Projection and Third Angle Projection Methods”

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